Driving additional 52 kilometers from Cao Bang town to Truong Ha commune, Ha Quang district, visitors can come to historical relic Pac Bo.
Pac Bo means “mouth of source” in local language. Pac Bo is the original point of Vietnam revolution as this place cements the special important historical period in the life of Uncle Ho and Vietnam revolution since 1941-1945. After 30 years abroad seeking way for rescuing the nation, on January, 28th, 1941 , passing the border mark No108, Nguyen Ai Quoc – the former name of President Ho Chi Minh at that time, returned and -select-ed this place to stay and guide the Vietnam revolution. In Pac Bo, Uncle Ho launched significant guidelines and decisions preparing for the historical August 1945 revolution. In particular, he posted the 8th Central Party Conference from 10-19 of May 1941. The conference determined that national liberation is the first priority of Vietnam revolution, forming Vietnam front for independence alliance, abbreviated Viet Minh. President Ho also opened training courses on politics, military for revolution cadres, edited revolution documents, published the Vietnam-Independence newspaper – a propaganda of Viet Minh front, formed Pac Bo guerrillas team.
From Pac Bo, Nguyen Ai Quoc went to Cao Bang , China to get contact with Vietnam revolution and alliance forces. On 13 of August 1942, Uncle Ho was illegal arrested by Tuong Gioi Thach government during the trip to China . On 19 of September 1943, he was released. By the end of September 1944, he came back Pac Bo, continuing guiding the Vietnam revolution. By the beginning of December 1944, in Na Sac, Uncle Ho decided to set up the Vietnam liberation and propaganda army – the precursor of Vietnamese People’s Army nowadays. On 4 of May 1945, Uncle Ho left Pac Bo for Tan Trao (Tuyen Quang) to give guidance on general uprisings for seizing power in the whole country. On 20 of February 1961, President Ho Chi Minh paid a visit to Pac Bo after 20 years separated.
Pac Bo historical relic, which is one of the most significant relic of Vietnam, was recognized by the State on 21 of February 1975. On 30 of July 1994, a project on preservation, embellishment, bringing into full play of the relic was approved in compliance with the socio-economic development of the province.
Today, the young generation often organizes the “returning to the original land” trips. One of the destinations is Pac Bo to learn about the precious historical relics such as Sir
Ly Quoc Sung house, Pac Bo cave where Uncle Ho -select-ed as living and working place to guide the Vietnam revolution, stone table “tottering Party history”, Lenin stream, Karmas mountain, Khuoi Nam tent, Sir Duong Van Dinh house. No108 milestone is the place where Uncle Ho first put his foot on his homeland after 30 years abroad. Stopping at the display house in Pac Bo relic, you will see souvenirs of Uncle Ho such as the typewriter, rattan basket, rubber sandals, etc. All these simple souvenirs are sacred to Vietnamese people as they are part of life of Uncle Ho who wrote great historical pages of Vietnam . Visiting this historical relic, visitors can get better understanding of great life of President Ho Chi Minh, long remaining revolutionary optimistic poem of Uncle Ho:
In the morning went to river, in the evening went into cave
Rice, vegetable is always available
Stone table tottering Party history
Revolution life is luxurious.